Antiphilus (Ancient Greek: Ἀντίφιλος) was an ancient Greek painter from Naucratis,Egypt, in the age of Alexander the Great. He worked for Philip II of Macedon and Ptolemy I of Egypt. Thus, he was a contemporary of Apelles, whose foe he is said to have been, but he seems to have worked in quite option style. Quintilian speaks of his facility: the descriptions of his works which have come down to us play-act that he excelled in roomy and shade, in genre representations, and in caricature.
In ancient Rome, according to Pliny the Elder, the Schola Octaviae was decorated by paintings by Antiphilus, among which were his Hesione and his painting of the work of Alexander and Philip like Minerva. The Curia Pompeii, famous as the place of assassination of Julius Caesar, was of the form called an exedra, or hall furnished gone seats, and was decorated with pictures of Cadmus and Europa by Antiphilus.
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