Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro (Almada, 21 November 1857 – Lisbon, 6 November 1929), who is usually referred to as Columbano, was a Portuguese Realist painter. Usually considered the greatest Portuguese painter of the 19th century, he has been compared to the likes of Wilhelm Leibl and John Singer Sargent.
Columbano was the son of loving painter, Manuel Maria Bordalo Pinheiro, and the younger brother of the good caricaturist, Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro. He became the leading painter of his generation and the master of authenticity in Portuguese painting, specializing in portraiture. He was disciple of his father, of the painter Miguel Ângelo Lupi and the sculptor Simões de Almeida. After attempting twice for a bursar to investigation abroad finally in 1881 the Countess of Edla, second wife of King Ferdinand II would finance his testing in France. There he studied the act out of French naturalist, realist and impressionist painters, like Courbet, Manet and Degas without losing his distinctive style which is often pessimistic and intimist.
He allied the “Grupo accomplish Leão” (The Lion’s Group), a normal meeting of artists, writers and intellectuals in a Lisbon downtown restaurant called “Leão de Ouro” (The Golden Lion) in order to discuss aesthetic issues and appearance Naturalism against the academic art of the time. The activity also included his brother Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro, Silva Porto, Marques de Oliveira and José Malhoa.
He painted portraits of some of the greatest names of Portuguese bureau and culture of his time like José Maria de Eça de Queiroz, Teófilo Braga, Raul Brandão and had good psychological accuracy in defining the personality of those depicted. His most famous portrait was that of the poet Antero de Quental in 1889. In this haunting take action Columbano seems to have anticipated Antero’s suicide.
Columbano was a competently known Republican, so it wasn’t surprising that after the Republic proclamation, in 1910, he was invited to design the flag of the extra regime and was nominated director of the National Museum of Contemporary Art, currently the Chiado Museum, in Lisbon, of which he was in war from 1914 to 1927.
The best amassing of his paintings is in the Chiado Museum, in Lisbon. He’s then represented in some of the finest Portuguese museums, like the National Museum Soares dos Reis, in Porto.
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