Federico Zuccaro, also known as Federico Zuccari (c. 1540/1541 – August 6, 1609), was an Italian Mannerist painter and architect, active both in Italy and abroad.
Zuccaro was born at Sant’Angelo in Vado, near Urbino (Marche).
His documented career as a painter began in 1550, when he moved to Rome to work under Taddeo, his elder brother. He went on to solution decorations for Pius IV, and urge on complete the fresco decorations at the Villa Farnese at Caprarola. Between 1563 and 1565, he was lithe in Venice taking into account the Grimani relations of Santa Maria Formosa. During his Venetian period, he traveled alongside Palladio in Friuli. He was enthusiastic in the considering fresco projects:
Another picture in the similar collection appears to be a replica of his painting of the “Allegory of Calumny”, as suggested by Lucian’s savings account of a much-admired work by Apelles; the satire in the indigenous painting, directed adjacent to some of his courtier enemies, was the unexpected cause of Zuccaro’s drama exile from Rome. Zuccaro was recalled to Rome by Pope Gregory XIII to continue in the Pauline chapel of the Vatican. He visited Brussels, and there made a series of cartoons for the tapestry-weavers. In 1574 he came to England, where he conventional a commission from Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester to picture himself and Queen Elizabeth. He as well as painted Mary, Queen of Scots, Sir Nicholas Bacon, Sir Francis Walsingham, Lord High Admiral Howard.
He painted a portrait of a Man bearing in mind Two Dogs, in the Pitti Palace (Florence), and the Dead Christ and Angels in the Galleria Borghese (Rome). In 1585, he trendy an give by Philip II of Spain to enhance the extra Escorial at a once a year salary of 2,000 crowns. He worked at the palace from January 1586 to end of 1588, when he returned to Rome. His paintings (like those of El Greco past him) were disliked by Philip II and many were painted over. However the parting was amicable:”We must not blame him, but those who sent him to us”, said Philip. He was succeeded by Pellegrino Tibaldi. He there founded in 1595, under a charter confirmed by Pope Sixtus V, the Accademia di San Luca, of which he was the first president.Bartolomeo Carducci is said to have studied once him.
Like his Giorgio Vasari a generation before, Zuccaro aimed at brute an art critic and historian. His chief book, L’idea de’ Pittori, Scultori, ed Architetti (1607), was far away less popular.
Zuccaro was raised to the rank of cavaliere not long before his death, which took place at Ancona in 1609.
Media connected to Federico Zuccari at Wikimedia Commons
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