Ignacio de Iriarte (1620–1685) was a Spanish painter.
Iriarte was born in Azcoitia, Guipuzcoa. He received his early education at home, but in 1642 went to Seville, and entered the studio of Francisco Herrera the Elder. Here he school to understand colouring, but he was never skilled to magnetism the human figure in imitation of spirit or accuracy, and therefore sure to devote his attention exclusively to landscape, and was the one Spanish artist who walked that rarely trodden path, and obtained in it the greatest realistic celebrity.
In 1646 we hear of him as residing at Aracena, near to the mountains, and there it was that he married Doña Francisca de Chaves, but his first wife lived a very curt time, and in 1649 he returned to Seville, where he married his second wife Doña Maria Escobar. He was an indigenous member of the Academy of Seville, its first secretary in 1660, and once more secretary from 1667 to 1669. For categorically many years, he was the intimate buddy and link of Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, who much-admired his landscapes, and upon many occasions the two artists worked together, Murillo executing the figures, and Iriarte the landscape.
As a result of a dispute something like a series of pictures on the life of David, they stopped collaborating. Murillo painted the cumulative of the picture representing an episode in the vigor of David, and Iriarte contented himself as soon as his exquisite landscapes, as a believe to be wild and rugged scenes, somewhat joined to those of Salvator Rosa, in which at that get older he was the greatest exponent. There is a landscape preserved at Madrid in an unfinished condition, with the figures merely sketched in by Murillo and the background left incomplete by Iriarte, and this is said to have been left incomplete at the times of the quarrel. The painter has been called the Spanish Claude Lorraine, and Murillo declared that his best landscapes were painted “by Divine inspiration”, but the comparison and upholding are not accurate, as there is a goaded character and an imaginary romance about Iriarte’s landscapes similar to an extraordinary lack of atmosphere. They are, however, pleasing and attractive, although rare.
Iriarte died in Seville. His works are to be found principally in Madrid, but can after that be studied in the galleries of St. Petersburg and the Louvre.
This article incorporates text from a revelation now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Missing or empty
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