This is James Clifford

By Gwylym Owen

Full image (click)

James Clifford (1622–1698), was an English divine and musician.

Clifford, son of Edward Clifford, a cook, was born at Oxford, in the parish of St. Mary Magdalen, where he was baptised on 2 May 1622. He was a chorister at Magdalen College from 1632 to 1642, and was educated in the choir school. He took no degree at Oxford, and the date of his ordination is not known. On 1 July 1661 he was appointed tenth pubertal canon of St. Paul’s Cathedral, in 1675 he became sixth teen canon, on 30 May 1682 was admitted senior cardinal, and upon 24 November of the thesame year sacrist. He was for some years curate of St. Gregory by St. Paul’s, a say he seems to have resigned before September 1695, in which month he was succeeded by Charles Green. He was along with chaplain to the Society of Serjeants’ Inn, Fleet Street, London.

In 1663 Clifford published the first edition of the con hy which he is best known, ‘Divine Services and Anthems, usually sung in the Cathedrals and Collegiate Choires in the Church of England.’ This is a growth of words of anthems, and was originally meant only for use at St. Paul’s, but in 1664 Clifford published a second edition, with large additions, so as to apply to ‘all choires in England and Ireland.’ The operate contains the words of 393 anthems, besides tunes of chants, &c., ‘Brief Directions for the concurrence of that portion of the Divine Service performed by the Organ in St. Paul’s Cathedral upon Sundayes;’ a ‘Scale or Basis of Musick,’ by Dr. Ralph Winterton, regius professor of medicine at Cambridge, and a ‘Psalm of Thanksgiving,’ sung by the children of Christ’s Hospital, set to music by Thomas Brewer. The stamp album is indispensable from a liturgical narrowing of view, besides which it has preserved a cassette of many anthems by English church composers which are now lost.

In 1694 Clifford published ‘The Catechism, containing the Principles of Christian Religion,’ together with ‘A Preparation Sermon back the receiving of the Holy Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper,’ preached at Serjeants’ Inn Chapel in Fleet Street. Clifford was twice married. His first wife’s name is unknown, but on 30 May 1667 he obtained a license for his marriage at St. Dunstan in the West, or the chapel of Serjeants’ Inn, with Clare Fisher of the parish of St. Gregory by St. Paul’s. He died in September 1698. His will (dated 16 June 1687) was proved upon the 26th of the same month by his widow, who, according to Hawkins (ed. 1853, p. 690), after her husband’s death lived when her daughter in Wardrobe Court, Great Carter Lane, where they kept a literary for little children. A son of his was baptised at St. Gregory’s upon 2 May 1679, and buried there in 1684. By his will he left everything his music to be not speaking among the minor canons of St. Paul’s.

12px Wikisource logo.svg This article incorporates text from a notice now in the public domain: “Clifford, James”. Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.

What do you think of the works of James Clifford?

Use the form below to say your opinion about James Clifford. All opinions are welcome!

After Reading: This is James Clifford, You might also enjoy

What do you think?

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.