Kose Kanaoka (巨勢 金岡, Kose no Kanaoka) was a ninth-century Japanese artist, court painter of Heian (Kyoto).
Known as someone who pursued and added depth to the style unique to Japanese-style painting, and he is said to be the one who rendered distinguished help by establishing the style of Yamato-e painting (a customary Japanese style painting of the late Heian and Kamakura periods dealing in the tune of Japanese themes) that no longer had the have emotional impact of kara-e painting (Chinese-style painting). Furthermore, his descendants higher formed a circle of painters known as the Kose school, and it greatly influenced the fields of kyuutei-ga (court paintings) and Buddhist paintings.. Though few of his works have survived, he is known to have painted landscapes and portraits. He as well as founded the Kose School of Art, which is named for him. He made the first tonal gradation, and the first Buddha in crayonnage style. This literary changed Chinese style paintings following Chinese themes into Japanese style.
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