Maurice Ascalon: life and works

Maurice Ascalon (Hebrew: מוריס אשקלון‎; 1913–2003) was an Israeli designer and sculptor. He was, by some accounts, considered the father of the unprejudiced Israeli decorative arts movement.

Maurice Ascalon was born as Moshe Klein in eastern Hungary. From an in advance age, he was clear to pursue his artistic yearnings, however in order to do so, he was irritated to step beside from his ultra-religious Chasidic Jewish roots – for artistic exposure was frowned upon in the eastern Hungarian “shtetl” in which he was raised. When he was 15 years old Klein left his relations and boyhood home to laboratory analysis art at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels. He took gone him an in-depth deal of the rituals and traditions of the Jewish ceremonies, which knowledge he would cutting edge apply to his artistic endeavors.

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In 1934, after behave his formal artistic training in Brussels and difficult Milan, Maurice Ascalon immigrated to the estate of Israel (then the British Mandate of Palestine). There he met his wife-to-be, Zipora Kartujinsky, a Polish-born Jew, granddaughter to the distinguished cartographer and scientist of the same surname. (Zipora, who died in 1982, became a sculptor in her own right late in her life, creating magnificent bas reliefs depicting the Shtetl life of her childhood).

In 1939, Maurice Ascalon designed and created the immense 14-foot-tall (4.3 m) hammered repoussé copper help sculpture of three figures, “The Toiler of the Soil, the Laborer and the Scholar”, which adorned the façade of the Jewish Palestine Pavilion of the 1939 New York World’s Fair. Ascalon was commissioned to create this play a part for the historically significant Pavilion which introduced the world to the concept of a open-minded Jewish state. (The put it on is now allocation of the accrual of the Spertus Institute for Jewish Learning and Leadership in Chicago.)

In the late 1930s, Ascalon founded an Israeli decorative arts manufacturing company, Pal-Bell, which produced trademark bronze and brass menorahs and other Judaic and secular decorative art and full of zip items that were exported in large numbers worldwide. Maurice Ascalon’s well-recognized designs, some art deco, others more traditional, introduced the use of a deliberate, chemically induced green patina (verdigris) to Israeli metalwork, which is now a hallmark of Israel’s crafts industry. During Israel’s War for Independence in 1948, Maurice meant munitions for the Israeli Army and, at the demand of the Israeli government, retrofitted his factory to build munitions for the prosecution effort. In 1956 Maurice immigrated to the United States.

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During the latter part of the 1950s through the 1960s, Maurice resided in New York and Los Angeles. He gained a reputation as a master silversmith, creating for synagogues magnificent Torah crowns and supplementary l objects of Jewish ceremonial art that he first university of in his youth. For a time, he taught sculpture on the Good arts faculty of the University of Judaism (now the American Jewish University) in Los Angeles.

In the late 1970s, Maurice’s workshop, now formally dubbed Ascalon Studios, relocated to the Philadelphia area. It became (and yet is today, under the executive of Maurice’s son, David Ascalon) a multifaceted art studio dedicated to the design of and initiation of site-specific art for worship and public spaces.

In February 2003, Maurice Ascalon much-admired his 90th birthday as a resident of Cuernavaca, Mexico, where he lived in the heavens of his eldest son, Adir Ascalon (Adir was a surrealist painter and sculptor who collaborated considering the noted Mexican muralist David Alfaro Siqueiros). In August 2003, Maurice Ascalon succumbed to complications joined to Parkinson’s disease, an disorder he endured during most of the total decade of his life.

Maurice Ascalon’s commissions include permanent installations at admiration and public spaces throughout the United States, Mexico, and Israel. His works have been exhibited at and are along with the collections of institutions including the Jewish Museum (New York), the Museum of American Jewish History in Philadelphia, Spertus Institute for Jewish Learning and Leadership in Chicago, the Eretz Israel Museum in Tel Aviv, and the University of Judaism in Los Angeles.

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