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This is Rembrandt van Rijn

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By Gwylym Owen

Before Rembrandt, Harmenszoon van Rijn trained with Jacob van Swanenburgh, an artist famous for his historical paintings of religious scenes and portraits. He then spent six months with the painter Pieter Lastman, who specialised in religious art, before studying with Jacob Pynas, another artist who was described as a Pre-Rebrandt.

Among the portraits he created was a Baroque historical painting such as The Feast of Belshazzar. His paintings influenced new developments in Italian art that reached the Netherlands and were printed by his traveling colleagues. He was an obsessive buyer of art and collector of all kinds of antiques, props and weapons used in paintings.

Rembrandt, known for his self-portraits and biblical scenes, is considered one of the greatest artists in the European history. He was a 17th century painter and etcher whose work dominated the name of the Dutch Golden Age.

Enormously large, measuring 12 by 14 metres, the painting features dramatic contrasts of light and shadow. His work The Night Watch (1642) is a multi-figure military scene derived from a series of his most important commissions in the 1640s, one of the most important paintings of the Golden Age of the Netherlands. For Rembrandt, his greatest creative triumphs can be seen in his portraits, his contemporary illustrations, biblical scenes, self-portraits and his innovative etchings with shadow and light.

Van Swanenburgh specialized in scenes of the underworld and hell, and his ability to paint fire and the way his light reflected surrounding objects influenced Rembrandt’s later work. In the 1640s, Rembrandt explored brushwork as a form of expression in his paintings.

In the late 1650s and early 1660s, Rembrandt received a number of important commissions for portraits, during which stylistic trends turned towards his more personal style of painting. Artists on this train, including Jacob Backer (1608-1651), Govaert Flinck (Dutch: 1615-1660) and Ferdinand Bol (Dutch: 1616-1680) worked in Van Uylenburg’s company for years, which was referred to under Rembrandt’s guise as the academy of its time ”. Among other things, in 1662 Rembrandt fulfilled a large commission for a portrait.

It is documented that students collaborated with Rembrandt in the second half of the 1650s and a student, Aert de Gelder (1645-1727 ) is known to have studied with him in the 1660s.

Early life Rembrandt, Harmenszoon and van Rijn were born in 1612-1616 in Leiden, Netherlands and then attended the primary school and a Latin school in the city where they received Bible studies and lessons in the classics. In 1620, after two years in Leiden University as the ninth child of Miller, he became a student of Jacob van Swanenburgh.

Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn was born on July 15th, 1606 in Leiden as the son of Miller Harmens (Gerritsz Van Rijn) and his wife Neeltgen van Zuytbrouck. As the youngest son of ten children, Rembrandt was not to continue his business.

Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn was a Dutch draughtsman, painter and graphic artist. Many of the artists of this period of great wealth and cultural accomplishment, historians call the golden age of Dutch art and painting, such as Jan Vermeer from Delft, were innovative and productive masters of all three media, and enthusiastic art collectors and dealers.

Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669) was celebrated as the greatest master painter of the Dutch golden age, the golden age of art in the Netherlands in the 17th century. Thanks to a stock of his home studio made in July 1656, we know that he painted two of his own paintings entitled “No.

Rembrandt is one of the greatest visual artists in art history and is important for Dutch art history as an innovative and productive master of three media. Like most 17th century Dutch masters, he worked on a wide range of styles and themes: portraits, self-portraits, landscapes, genre scenes, allegorical and historical scenes, biblical and mythological themes, and animal studies. His contributions to the art came at a time of great wealth and cultural success – historians call this the Golden Age of Dutch art – where Dutch painting in many respects fought against the prevailing Baroque style of Europe – was prolific and innovative, producing important new genres.

Rembrandt became a prominent portrait painter who gave the portrait more subtlety, presence and animation and was particularly innovative in group portraits. Their joint venture benefited from the growing market for portraits and the history of painting by Dutch artists.

He moved to Leiden and became an independent painter, who shared a workshop with Jan Lievens. Many students came to Van Uylenburgh Academy to train Rembrandt in all kinds of painting, including Jacob Backer, Govaert Flinck and Ferdinand Bol.

Although he obediently achieved youthful success as a portrait painter, his years were marked by personal tragedy and financial hardship. His later years were a period of personal difficulties, including the insolvency and the sale of his house and collection between 1657 and 1658 at a series of auctions. He settled in a small house on the Rozengracht (Jordaan) in Amsterdam, a district where many artists lived. His etchings and paintings were popular during his lifetime and his reputation as an artist remained high [5], and he taught many important Dutch painters for twenty years.

One of the most remarkable aspects of his later paintings is the use of broad brush strokes with a palette knife. In contrast to the earlier paintings, which had smooth surfaces, his paintings were designed to work in the distance. Many of his contemporaries began to experiment with the dramatic use of light developed by Caravaggio.

Rembrandt (full Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn; his magic-rememberant, born 15 July 1606 in Leiden, Netherlands and died 4 October 1669 in Amsterdam) was a Dutch Baroque painter, graphic artist and one of the great storytellers in art history, possessing an extraordinary ability to depict people in their various moods and dramatic figures. He is best known as a painter of bright hues and as an artist who preferred uncompromising realism, leading some critics to claim that he preferred uglyness over beauty. Like many of his time’s painters he did not come from a family of artists or craftsmen : his father, Harmens Gerritszoon Van Rijn (1568-1630) was a miller.

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