Sigrid Maria Schauman (born 24 December 1877 in Chuguyev, Kharkov Governorate, Russian Empire [now Ukraine] — died 22 February 1979 in Helsinki, Finland) was a Finnish artiste and art critic.
Sigrid Maria Schauman was born upon 24 December 1877 at Chuguyev, in the Kharkov Governorate of the Russian Empire (present-day Ukraine), the daughter of general Fredrik Waldemar Schauman and Elin Maria Schauman. Her mommy was the daughter of the Bishop of Porvoo, Finland. After active in Radom, Poland, the Schaumans returned to Finland in 1885 as the mom had died in 1884. In 1899 Sigrid began her studies in the Finnish Association of Arts Drawing School in Helsinki, where her teachers included Carl Jahn and Helene Schjerfbeck. In 1901 she participated for the first period in a society exhibition at the Ateneum.
In 1904 Schauman’s brother, Eugen Schauman, murdered the Governor-General of Finland, Nikolai Bobrikov. After this she moved to Copenhagen, Denmark, and continued studying in Florence and in Paris, where she was at the Academie de la Palette in 1910 past travelling in Egypt.
She married Edvard Wolff, but he died sharply after the birth of their daughter Elisabeth in 1913.
In 1920 Schauman started undertaking in the newspaper Dagens Press (from 1922 Svenska Pressen, from 1945 Nya Pressen) as an art critic, and worked for the newspaper for roughly 30 years, publishing higher than 1500 art reviews, interviews and travel reports.
In 1939 she visited Rome and Paris.
After World War II, Schauman worked as a bookish in the Free School of Arts from 1945 to 1946. She retired in 1949, but continued painting upon a allow provided by the City of Helsinki and an artist’s income from the State of Finland.
During the 1950s Schauman frequently travelled in France and Italy. She was a founding enthusiast of the Prisma society of artists in 1956.
Schauman’s weakening eyesight prevented her from continuing to paint in the late 1960s. Even a year in the past her death, Schauman participated in a retrospective exhibition held in honour of her 100th birthday in the Amos Anderson Art Museum. In the same year, she was awarded the Prince Eugen Medal by the King of Sweden for her artistic contributions.
Sigrid Schauman published a biographical book Min bror Eugen: En gestalt ur Finlands frihetskamp (“My brother Eugen Schauman: A figure from Finland’s battle for freedom”) in 1964.
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