The aurochs (Bos primigenius) ( or //), also known as aurochsen, urus or ure, is a species of large wild cattle that inhabited Asia, Europe and North Africa. While the wild subspecies, including the nominal subspecies Bos primigenius primigenius is extinct, extant domestic cattle are considered subspecies of aurochs. Further a breath of buoyant air and use of the term “aurochs” in this article, for simplicity, refer isolated to the extinct wild subspecies unless instead specified. Bos primigenius primigenius survived in Europe until 1627, when the last recorded aurochs died in the Jaktorów Forest in Poland.
During the Neolithic Revolution, which occurred during the further on Holocene, at least two aurochs domestication comings and goings occurred: one united to the Indian subspecies, B. p. namadicus leading to zebu cattle, and the further related to the Eurasian subspecies Bos p. primigenius, leading to taurine cattle. Other species of wild bovines were then domesticated, namely the wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee), gaur (Bos gaurus), wild yak (Bos mutus), and banteng (Bos javanicus). In open-minded cattle, many breeds allowance characteristics of the aurochs, such as a dark colour in the bulls, with a well-ventilated eel stripe along the back (the cows monster a lighter colour), or an aurochs-like horn shape.
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