Alonso González de Berruguete (Alonso Berruguete) (c. 1488 – 1561) was a Spanish painter, sculptor and architect. He is considered to be the most important sculptor of the Spanish Renaissance, and is known for his emotive sculptures depicting religious ecstasy or torment.
Born in the town of Paredes de Nava, Berruguete studied art below the auspices of his father, the painter Pedro Berruguete. Following his father’s death in 1504, Berruguete travelled to Italy to continue his psychoanalysis of art, spending most of his times in Florence and Rome. It is here that he studied sculpture below the Italian master, Michelangelo. His paintings produced in Italy showed a mannerist influence, with his art monster compared when contemporaries such as Jacopo Pontormo and Rosso Fiorentino.
Berruguete returned to Spain in 1517, and in 1518, was appointed to the tilt of court painter and sculptor by Charles V of Spain. From this narrowing in his career forward, Berruguete concentrated upon sculpture. Works of his tally an altarpiece at the Irish assistant professor in Salamanca (1529–1533), choir stalls at the Cathedral of Toledo (1539–1543) and a tomb for the Archbishop of Toledo Juan de Tavera at the hospital that Tavera founded, the hospital of St. John the Baptist in Toledo (1552–1561).
After his training in Italy he went support to the Spanish tradition of making wood sculptures, which included the altarpieces at the church of San Benito el Real, Valladolid. “The pretentious movements of his figures became a habit with his partners Andrés de Nájera, Esteban Jordán, Inocencio Berruguete and others…”
From October 13, 2019–February 17, 2020, over 40 of Berruguete’s painted wood sculptures were on display in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. as ration of an exhibition titled Alonso Berruguette: First Sculptor of Renaissance Spain.
Media associated to Alonso Berruguete at Wikimedia Commons
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