Giovanni Costa (15 October 1826 – 31 January 1903), often known as Nino Costa, was an Italian landscape painter and patriotic revolutionary.
Giovanni Costa was born in Rome on 15 October 1826, the fourteenth of the sixteen children of Gioacchino Costa (died 1842) and Maria Chiappi (died 1857). His father was from Santa Margherita Ligure and as a teen man had moved to Rome, where he opened a wool-spinning factory and achieved loads and position. The relatives lived in a large home in Piazza San Francesco a Ripa, in Trastevere, close to the factory.
When he was 12 Giovanni was introduced to the neo-classical painter Baron Vincenzo Camuccini, who encouraged him to fake from birds and from what he saw approaching him. Soon after was sent to the Jesuit teacher at Montefiascone, where remained for five years.
Costa returned to Rome in 1843, the year after the death of this father, and for two years attended the Collegio Bandinelli in the via Giulia, founded by Bartolommeo Bandinelli in 1678, where he was taught drawing by Luigi Durantini. He then worked for unexpected time in the studio of Vincenzo Camuccini back entering the schools of the Accademia di San Luca, where he studied below Francesco Coghetti, Francesco Podesti and Filippo Agricola.
He fought below Garibaldi in 1848, and served as a volunteer in the exploit of 1859; his keenness for Italian treaty was actively shown another time in 1870, when he was the first to mount the breach in the attack of Rome near the Porta Pia.
He had decided meanwhile at Florence, where his fight for the independence of art from worn-out traditions was no less strenuous. Here he completed a Donne sulla spiaggia di Porto d’Anzio (Girl on the Beach of Porto d’Anzio). He in addition to became known as a landscape-painter of remarkable originality, and of good influence in the compensation to minute observation of nature. He painted, mainly rustic scenes involving herders and cattle. He was a major inspiration to the artists known as the Macchiaioli, and as a consequence had many English and American friends and followers, notably Elihu Vedder, Matthew Ridley Corbet (1850–1902) and his wife Edith Corbet, and Lord Carlisle, and was next to associated as soon as Corot and the Barbizon school, whom he met though visiting Paris.. In 1853, he traditional a lifetime friendship similar to a youngster Frederick Leighton, who was after that sojourning in Rome.
His exile from Rome lasted until 1862. An exhibition of his pictures was held in London in 1904, and he is represented in the Tate Gallery. He died at Marina di Pisa upon 31 January 1903.
Media connected to Giovanni Costa at Wikimedia Commons
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