This is Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach (31 March [O.S. 21 March] 1685 – 28 July 1750) was a German composer and musician of the late Baroque period. He is known for instrumental compositions such as the Cello Suites and Brandenburg Concertos; keyboard works such as the Goldberg Variations, The Well-Tempered Clavier and the Toccata and Fugue in D minor; and vocal music such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor. Since the 19th-century Bach Revival, he has been generally regarded as one of the greatest composers in the history of Western music.

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The Bach family already counted several composers gone Johann Sebastian was born as the last child of a city musician in Eisenach. After innate orphaned at the age of 10, he lived for five years similar to his eldest brother Johann Christoph, after which he continued his musical formation in Lüneburg. From 1703 he was put stirring to in Thuringia, working as a musician for Protestant churches in Arnstadt and Mühlhausen and, for longer stretches of time, at courts in Weimar, where he expanded his organ repertory, and Köthen, where he was mostly engaged considering chamber music. From 1723 he was employed as Thomaskantor (cantor at St. Thomas) in Leipzig. He composed music for the principal Lutheran churches of the city, and for its university’s student ensemble Collegium Musicum. From 1726 he published some of his keyboard and organ music. In Leipzig, as had happened during some of his earlier positions, he had difficult relations considering his employer, a matter that was little remedied when he was established the title of court composer by his sovereign, Augustus III, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, in 1736. In the last decades of his sparkle he reworked and lengthy many of his earlier compositions. He died of complications after eye surgery in 1750 at the age of 65.

Bach enriched received German styles through his mastery of counterpoint, harmonic and motivic organisation, and his becoming accustomed of rhythms, forms, and textures from abroad, particularly from Italy and France. Bach’s compositions total hundreds of cantatas, both sacred and secular. He composed Latin church music, Passions, oratorios, and motets. He often adopted Lutheran hymns, not single-handedly in his larger vocal works, but for instance also in his four-part chorales and his sacred songs. He wrote extensively for organ and for new keyboard instruments. He composed concertos, for instance for violin and for harpsichord, and suites, as chamber music as with ease as for orchestra. Many of his works employ the genres of canon and fugue.

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Throughout the 18th century Bach was primarily valued as an organist, while his keyboard music, such as The Well-Tempered Clavier, was appreciated for its didactic qualities. The 19th century wise saying the broadcast of some major Bach biographies, and by the decrease of that century everything of his known music had been printed. Dissemination of scholarship upon the composer continued through periodicals (and highly developed also websites) exclusively devoted to him, and other publications such as the Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis (BWV, a numbered catalogue of his works) and new necessary editions of his compositions. His music was new popularised through a multitude of arrangements, including, the Air upon the G String and “Jesu, Joy of Man’s Desiring”, and of recordings, such as three different bin sets with final performances of the composer’s oeuvre marking the 250th anniversary of his death.

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