Joris Hoefnagel: life and works

Joris Hoefnagel or Georg Hoefnagel (1542, in Antwerp – 24 July 1601, in Vienna) was a Flemish painter, printmaker, miniaturist, draftsman and merchant. He is noted for his illustrations of natural history subjects, topographical views, illuminations and mythological works. He was one of the last manuscript illuminators and made a major contribution to the expand of topographical drawing.

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His manuscript illuminations and ornamental designs played an important role in the emergence of floral still-life painting as an independent genre in northern Europe at the halt of the 16th century. The almost scientific naturalism of his botanical and animal drawings served as a model for a far along generation of Netherlandish artists. Through these flora and fauna studies he furthermore contributed to the progress of natural history and he was correspondingly a founder of proto-scientific inquiry.

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