Who is Robert Indiana?

By Gwylym Owen

Robert Indiana (born Robert Clark; September 13, 1928 – May 19, 2018) was an American player associated once the pop art movement. His “LOVE” print, first created for the Museum of Modern Art’s Christmas card in 1965, was the basis for his 1970 Love sculpture and the widely distributed 1973 United States Postal Service “LOVE” stamp. He created works in media including paper (silk screen) and Cor-ten steel.

Indiana’s art was influenced by the depression of the 1930s. Robert Clarke was born in New Castle, Indiana, in 1928, the only son of Earl Clark and Carmen Watters, Indiana remembered her early years, my whole life was very affected and connected with this phenomenon called “depression.” After serving in the Army, Indiana began his studies in 1949, first at the Art Institute of Chicago, then at the Scouhegan School of Sculpture and Painting in Maine and at Edinburgh College of Art.

Indiana moved to New York in the 1950s, met artists such as Ellsworth Kelly and Cy Twombly, and engaged in various jobs to hone her art. Established a close relationship with Andy Warhol. When Indiana moved to New York after graduating from the Art School of Edinburgh University in the 1950s, it may not be a coincidence that she met Andy Warhol (1928-1987). Via Claes Oldenburg (b. He spent the first 17 years of his life in Indiana, often moving from one city to another, eventually living in 21 houses).

Born Robert Earl Clark on September 13, 1928 in New Castle, Indiana, he adopted the name of his home state after serving in the United States Army. Indiana received her Bachelor of Arts from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago in 1954. After three years in the US Air Force, Indiana attended the Art Institute of Chicago (1949–1953), the Scouhegan School. Painting and Sculpture in Maine (Summer 1953) and the University of Edinburgh and the Edinburgh College of Art (1953–1954).

In 1953, scholarships took him to the Skouhegan School of Painting and Sculpture in Maine, and then to Scotland, the University of Edinburgh and the Edinburgh College of Art, where his activities included studying botany and writing poetry, which were printed and printed by hand. In 1969, he began renting the top floor of the Victorian Odd Fellows Hall, Star of Hope, in the island town of Vinalhaven, Maine, as a seasonal studio for photographer Eliot Alisophon. He was given an exhibition at the Whitney Museum of American Art on one floor, but he wanted the whole museum and would have preferred MOMA.

After the Museum of Modern Art commissioned Indiana to make a Christmas card in 1965, he presented them with the first image of “Love.” In 1970, he created his first large steel sculpture, Love, for the Indianapolis Museum of Art, and made over 50 editions of it. First created for the Museum of Modern Art Christmas card in 1965, his engraving LOVE is the basis for his 1970 sculpture Love and the widely used 1973 US Postal Service stamp LOVE.

LOVE has evolved in different versions, from the design of a Christmas card for MoMA in 1965, then painting and screen printing from 1966 to its first major sculptural version in 1970 at the Indianapolis Museum of Art. It was originally designed as a Christmas card commissioned by the Museum of Modern Art in 1965. LOVE appeared in prints, paintings, sculptures, banners, rings, tapestries and stamps. American pop artist Robert Indiana created the iconic steel sculpture Love, which once stood at the corner of Sixth Avenue and 55th Street in Midtown.

For Indiana, which once called itself an American iconic artist, the current iconic design follows an early iteration of the word “love”, including a work titled “Four Star Love” in 1961. He also used it as a script for the phrase “God is love” and created a circle in 1964 to frame the message “Love is God”. Mr. Indiana called it the “most pirated work of art” of the 20th century, and kept a series of fakes in his home, a historic Victorian building, to prove it. During this period, Indiana also resumed the use of objects in the sculpture and continued the American Dream series he started in the 1960s.

However, his artistic reputation remained intact, and in 2013 he was honored with a retrospective at the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York. But whatever artistic acclaim he received was never enough for Indiana. Politically shrewd and edgy, he never liked the consumerist nature of Pop Art. In 1963, for example, he argued that Pop Art took the place of Abstract Expressionism in “the eternal What’s New in American Painting” show, as he put it, and gave it “maybe 10 years.”

As a fan of American modernism in the early 20th century, Indiana pondered the issue of national identity raised by artists such as Andy Warhol and Edward Hopper; in particular, he relied on the fact that , That is, they use familiar, traditional or industrial to transform popular resources into visual art. Robert Indiana became famous in the 1960s, and he played an important role in sharp painting, the use of bold and vibrant elements, and the expansion of the art of assembly. The graphic aspects that imitate the conventions of advertising posters and street signs dominate his work, and are also influenced by the harsh abstractions Kelly encounters while working in the art store. In her Coenties Slip studio in the suburbs of Manhattan, Indiana, she collected various scraps and discoveries, and used templates to introduce text into her art.

Indeed, Indiana was at best ambivalent about the art movement that made him famous. But decades after the creation of LOVE and other popular pieces, including HOPE of similar designs, Indiana complained that the art world shied away from him. Robert Indiana, pictured in 1971 with one of many variations on his famous sculpture “Love,” this time in Central Park, has received many artistic acclaims, but it wasn’t enough to satisfy his ego.

Robert Indiana is known for his iconic LOVE series of sculptures. He is an American printmaker, painter and sculptor. American artist Robert Indiana was born in Newcastle, Indiana in 1928 and is a central figure in the Pop Art movement. Robert Indiana, real name Robert Clark, (born September 13, 1928 in Newcastle, Indiana, USA-died on May 19, 2018 in Wienerhaven, Maine) is an American artist who has been an American artist since 1960 Has always been the core figure of the Pop Art movement-x years. The artist was born in Robert Clarke, and to pay tribute to his hometown, he changed his name to Indiana.

During this early stage of her career, Indiana’s work was featured in a number of significant exhibitions in galleries, such as the Museum of Modern Art in New York, which was the first to acquire one of her paintings – the first in her series. The American Dream is in progress. in 1961

Indiana’s career began in 1966, when her LOVE series was exhibited at the Stables Gallery in New York, marking her visual departure from her previous works, using bold fonts and bright colors. His popular Love design was first produced in the form of painting in 1966, and later created through many other media (including sculpture) and became a popular icon in the 1960s. Since then, several other US stamps have been printed with the word “love”, but Indiana is the first. But love, in the form of Christmas cards, posters, paintings, and sculptures, has become a heavily plagiarized piece of art that still makes the artist a very wealthy person.

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