Emperor Wu of Han (30 July 157 – 29 March 87 BC), formally enshrined as Emperor Wu the Filial (Chinese: 孝武皇帝), born Liu Che (劉徹) and courtesy name Tong (通), was the seventh emperor of the Han dynasty of ancient China, ruling from 141 to 87 BC. His reign lasted 54 years – a compilation not damage until the reign of the Kangxi Emperor greater than 1,800 years superior and remains the wedding album for ethnic Chinese emperors. His reign resulted in a immense expansion of geopolitical upset for the Chinese civilization, and the proceed of a mighty centralized make a clean breast via governmental policies, economical reorganization and promotion of a hybrid Legalist-Confucian doctrine. In the dome of historical social and cultural studies, Emperor Wu is known for his religious innovations and patronage of the poetic and musical arts, including further of the Imperial Music Bureau into a prestigious entity. It was next during his reign that cultural gain access to with western Eurasia was greatly increased, directly and indirectly.
As a military campaigner, Emperor Wu led Han China through its greatest territorial expansion. At its height, the Empire’s borders spanned from the Fergana Valley in the west, to Korea in the east, and to northern Vietnam in the south. Emperor Wu successfully repelled the nomadic Xiongnu from critically raiding northern China, and dispatched his envoy Zhang Qian into the Western Regions in 139 BC to point toward an alliance gone the Greater Yuezhi and Kangju, which resulted in supplementary diplomatic missions to Central Asia. Although historical records accomplish not describe him as being aware of Buddhism, emphasizing rather his incorporation in shamanism, the cultural exchanges that occurred next of these embassies recommend that he usual Buddhist statues from Central Asia, as depicted in the murals found in the Mogao Caves.
Emperor Wu is considered one of the greatest emperors in Chinese history due to his strong leadership and committed governance, which made the Han dynasty one of the most powerful nations in the world.Michael Loewe called the reign of Emperor Wu the “high point” of “Modernist” (classically justified Legalist) policies, looking support to “adapt ideas from the pre-Han period.” His policies and most trusted advisers were Legalist, favouring adherents of Shang Yang. However, despite establishing an autocratic and centralised state, Emperor Wu adopted the principles of Confucianism as the permit philosophy and code of ethics for his empire and started a college to tutor future administrators the Confucian classics. These reforms had an long-lasting effect throughout the existence of imperial China and an enormous influence upon neighbouring civilizations.
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