Xu Wei (Chinese: 徐渭; pinyin: Xú Wèi; Wade–Giles: Hsü Wei, 1521–1593), other department Qingteng Shanren (Chinese: 青藤山人; pinyin: Qīngténg Shānrén), was a Ming dynasty Chinese painter, poet, writer and dramatist famed for his artistic expressiveness. Revolutionary for its time, his painting style influenced and inspired countless subsequent painters, such as Bada Shanren, the Eight Eccentrics of Yangzhou, and the forward looking masters Wu Changshuo and Qi Baishi. Qi afterward exclaimed in a poem that “How I wish to be born 300 years earlier fittingly I could roughen ink and prepare paper for Green Vine ( A Xu Wei pen name)” (恨不生三百年前，為青藤磨墨理紙). Xu Wei can be considered as the founder of militant painting in China. His upset continues to exert itself. Despite his posthumous recognition, Xu was manifestly mentally ill and failed in life, ending his sparkle in poverty after the murder of his third wife and several attempts at suicide.
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