Who is Andrija Buvina?

By Gwylym Owen

Full image (click)

Andrea Buvina (also known as Andrija Buvina, or Andrea Guvina,Gavina or Gruvina ) was a 13th-century medieval Croatian sculptor and painter. His art is commonly associated with the Romanesque period.

The wooden doorway in for the Cathedral of St. Duje in Split, is made by Andrija Buvina c. 1214, is the best known measure of Romanesque sculpture in Croatia. The Buvina wooden door is 530 cm in height, contain 28 scenes of Jesus Christ, starting with the Annunciation and ending with the Ascension. Separated by grape vine, acanthus and interlace ornaments, with small human and animal figures accompanied by the vine leaves, as shown in the images below.

cathedral of st domnius split
Door at cathedral of st domnius split
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Closeup of one of the panels

Of great importance is the Croatian National Monument Museum in Split, which contains many artifacts related to Croatian pre-Romanesque art, mainly from the Knin region (Biskupia, Crkvina – 11th century coronation of King Zvonimir Church Ruins) . Klyakovic was famous for his frescoes, he painted in the Church of St. Mark in Zagreb, the parish church in Vranich (near the city of Split), the Dobro Tower (Beautiful Kakotorska) and the nearby Biskupios Memorial Church. The city of Knin, and his mosaic work at the Pontifical Croatian Academy of San Girolamo in Rome.

At the time, many Croatian artists nicknamed Chavoni were working in Italy, including Juraj Kulinovic, Andrea Medulic and Julia Klovic (already known as the living Michelangelo of miniatures), sculptor Franco Francianin, creator of precious marble busts, architect Lujan Francianin. is the most famous of them. One of the best artists of his time was the Croatian sculptor Radovan (born in Trogir in the 13th century), who left us with the beautiful Romanesque portal of Trogir Cathedral, shown below.  

cathedral st lawrence portal radovan trogir croatia
cathedral st lawrence portal radovan trogir croatia

As for Buvina, he was thought to also be the creator of a painting of Saint Christopher, probably a fresco painting in the peristyle of Diocletian’s Palace in Split.

I’ve tried hard to find an image of this fresco painting, but couldn’t find anything. I’ve also found it difficult to find much information on Buvina (and his aliases). If you have any images of his work or know more about him, please let me know in the comments, thanks.

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