Sandro Botticelli: life and works

By Gwylym Owen

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Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi (c. 1445 – May 17, 1510), known as Sandro Botticelli (, Italian: [ˈsandro bottiˈtʃɛlli]), was an Italian painter of the Early Renaissance. Botticelli’s posthumous reputation suffered until the late 19th century, when he was rediscovered by the Pre-Raphaelites who stimulated a reappraisal of his work. Since then, his paintings have been seen to represent the linear grace of Early Renaissance painting.

In accessory to the mythological subjects for which he is best known today, Botticelli painted a broad range of religious subjects (including dozens of renditions of the Madonna and Child, many in the circular tondo shape) and in addition to some portraits. His best-known works are The Birth of Venus and Primavera, both in the Uffizi in Florence. Botticelli lived everything his spirit in the same neighbourhood of Florence; his lonesome significant era elsewhere were the months he spent painting in Pisa in 1474 and the Sistine Chapel in Rome in 1481–82.

Only one of Botticelli’s paintings, the Mystic Nativity (National Gallery, London) is inscribed next a date (1501), but others can be dated gone varying degrees of certainty upon the basis of archival records, so the increase of his style can be traced afterward some confidence. He was an independent master for anything the 1470s, which motto his reputation soar. The 1480s were his most rich decade, the one in which his large mythological paintings were completed along similar to many of his most famous Madonnas. By the 1490s his style became more personal and to some extent mannered. His last works decree him heartwarming in a organization opposite to that of Leonardo da Vinci (seven years his junior) and the new generation of painters creating the High Renaissance style, and then again returning to a style that many have described as more Gothic or “archaic.”

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