Vladimir Yegorovich Makovsky (Russian: Влади́мир Его́рович Мако́вский; 26 January (greg.: 7 February) 1846, Moscow – 21 February 1920, Petrograd) was a Russian painter, art collector, and teacher.
Makovsky was the son of collector, Egor Ivanovich Makovsky, who was one of the founders of the Moscow Art School. Vladimir had two brothers, Nikolay Makovsky and Konstantin Makovsky, and one sister, Alexandra Makovskaya, all of whom were famous painters. Vladimir studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture. He the end his studies in 1869 and the past year became one of the founding members of the Association of Travelling Art Exhibitions, where his many years of prolific produce an effect brought him to a leading position
Makovsky’s be active was defined by a perpetual humor as competently as blatant irony and scorn. During the seventies his paintings dealt primarily later small-town folk. His pictures, “The Grape-juice Seller” (1879), “Fruit-Preserving” (1876) and “The Congratulator” (1878) depict various scenes where the environment is finely conceived and approaching laughter-inducing. Other works of his, such as “The Benefactor” (1874) and “The Convict” (1878) are profoundly socially conscious. In them, Makovsky either criticizes the untrue sympathy of the aristocracy towards the poor, or draws attention to the oppression and persecution by the tsarist gendarmerie. In 1878, he became an academician.
In the eighties, during the grow old of Russian “democratic” painting, Makovsky produced some of his most valued works. In 1882, he was made professor at the Moscow Art School after the death of Vasili Perov. Some of Makovsky’s greatest works of this era include “In the Ante-room of the Court of Conciliation” (1880), “The Released Prisoner” (1882), and “The Collapse of the Bank” (1881). From the grow less of the 1880s, Makovsky began to fabricate more exaggerated works. Quintessential works of this era include “You Shall Not Go” (1892), and “On the Boulevard” (1888).
In 1894, Makovsky became Rector of the Preparatory intellectual of the Academy of Art. After the First Russian Revolution, he painted “January 9, 1905, on Vasilyev Island” in which he depicts the armed police firing at defenseless people. In out of the ordinary painting “The Sacrifices on the Khodyn Field” in which a thousand people at a loose end their lives during the coronation ceremony in 1896 of Nicholas II, he another time stood uncompromisingly upon the side of the oppressed people. After the 1917 October Revolution, Makovsky helped carry exceeding the realist traditions to the in the future stages of Socialist Realism.
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